In this study, Romanian director Cristi Puiu’s film Sieranevada (2016) is given a historical-allegorical reading, showing how the film’s content, form, and generic properties cooperate to form a historical photograph of Romanian society. This photograph bears the characteristics of a new realism, a new way of seeing in contrast to the absolutism of previous modes of realism in Romanian Cinema. Events in the collapse of socialist regimes, which cause big transformations in societies, also bring forth the transformation of the way “home,” belonging, and identity are imagined and the way people deal with history. In this study, the understanding of identity and history found in the film is examined through an analysis of the construction of “home,” with its ghosts and traces of the past, and also an analysis of the way in which the camera and the viewer are represented as ghostly gures. The objective of these analyses is to propose that the understanding of identity, belonging, and history produced in the film is a departure point from which to rethink not only post-socialist societies but also “democratic” capitalist societies as de ned by modernity and their cinemas.
Keywords: Romanian New Wave Cinema, post-socialism, modernity, iden- tity, history, Cristi Puiu.